IoT (Internet of Things) or the Internet of things is a system of physical objects (“things”) interconnected with one another through built-in sensors, software and/or other technologies. This is needed to transfer data to other devices in the system or to other systems via the Internet. Basically, physical objects go online to send or receive information.
What is IoT and why is it important?
The Internet of things has existed for a long time, but only recent advancements have made it practical and widely used. About 15 years ago, machine-to-machine communication was used in most cases in complex manufacturing, today IoT devices surround us everywhere. A variety of items can be connected to the Internet: babyphones, clocks, counters, production units, eco stations, etc.
The development of computational ability, cloud technology, analytics, and wireless communications allowed physical objects to exchange information with minimal human intervention. Today, digital systems can record, track and configure any interaction between connected objects and solve many complex problems. Collaboration has taken place between the digital and physical worlds.
Enhanced technical capacity of the Internet of Things has opened up access to low-cost, energy-saving technologies. And the availability and reliability of modern sensors made IoT the modern solution for a wide range of manufacturers, businesses.
The Internet of things uses many network protocols to access the Internet. This makes it easier to connect various sensors to the cloud and other things for efficient data transmission. Cloud-based platforms have become more accessible, providing clients and enterprises with easy access to the infrastructure needed for scaling without actually having to physically manage it.
The development of machine learning and analytics has allowed to access various data stored in the cloud, and today enterprises can collect information faster and push the limits of their capabilities.
Who is using the IoT and in which industries?
IoT-apps use machine-learning algorithms to analyze large amounts of data received from sensors. It is possible to obtain information on key performance indicators, statistics by using dashboards and real-time alerts. This makes the Internet of things popular in different fields:
- public utilities;
- construction sector;
- service sector;
- the field of ecology;
- smart cities and houses;
- retail industry.
The popularity of the Internet of things is due to the practical benefits of the technology embedding. IoT apps allow to:
- improve existing processes: delivery, customer service, human resource management and financial processes;
- improve work efficiency;
- better customer understanding by creating better service conditions;
- speed up the decision-making process;
- add value to business;
- open up new avenues for income generation;
- save time and money;
- reduce waste;
- monitor important characteristics, technology condition and much more.
IoT is a simple and smooth connection between the physical world of business and the digital world.
How does the Internet of Things work?
The Things Network consists of smart devices that have access to the Internet. It uses built-in systems for work: processors, sensors, equipment for collecting, publishing and computing data received from the environment. Data is exchanged between IoT devices via Internet connection or another peripheral device connected to the network. Then all information is sent to the cloud server for analysis and processing. The IoT tools, in some cases, are linked to other IoT devices and operate on information received from each other.
Most operations on the Internet of things happen without human involvement, but wherein a person can interact with any device: give commands and instructions, gain access to information.
Convenience, availability and variety of IoT apps make the Internet of things the most important technology of the 21st century that will continue to gain momentum. As companies become more aware of IoT’s potential, the number of connected devices will increase and functionality will continue developing .
Today, the implementation of the Internet of things into business allows to be ahead of the competition, to upgrade manufacturing parameters, to create efficient business processes, to solve complex and previously cost-intensive issues.
Atiko company, which is a generator, developer and integrator of IoT solutions based on LoRaWAN “turn-key” technology, helps to solve many complex problems in the field of public utilities, ecology, agriculture, industry. The integration of energy-efficient long-range systems helps to achieve efficiency and increase productivity, bring production and enterprises to a new level of income and work quality . You can read more about the implemented projects in the “Solutions” section.